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Building National Research and Education Networks in Eastern and Southern Africa – the case of KENET in Kenya

Sub-Saharan Africa represents a very large land mass equivalent to China, US and India with limited penetration of broadband networks. Although the first undersea fibre cable only landed in the Eastern Africa coast region in 2009, emerging African NRENs in Eastern and Africa have been able to build networks to connect universities and research institutes to the Global research and education network. This paper will describe the specific example of KENET in Kenya that has been able to overcome the obstacles of lack of adequate road/electricity infrastructures, limited penetration of fibre networks, and low network engineering skills to build a high-speed network.